Literary calendar

Literary dates (1789-1914)

Green = born
Red = dies
Blue = event


JANUARY:

1 January 1818 – Frankenstein by Mary Shelley published
3 January 1892 – JRR Tolkien born (The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings)
8 January 1824 – Wilkie Collins born (The Woman in White, The Moonstone)
14 January 1898 – Lewis Carroll dies (Alice in Wonderland)
18 January 1936 – Rudyard Kipling dies (Jungle Book)
19 January 1809 – Edgar Allan Poe born (The Raven, The Murders in the Rue Morgue)
27 January 1832 – Lewis Carroll born (Alice in Wonderland)
28 January 1813 – Pride & Prejudice published (Jane Austen)


FEBRUARY:

1 February 1851 – Mary Shelley dies (Frankenstein & The Last Man)
7 February 1812 – Charles Dickens born (A Christmas Carol)
9 February 1881 – Fyodor Dostoyevsky dies (Crime & Punishment)
23 February 1821 – John Keats dies (Poetry – Endymion, Ode to a Nightingale)
26 February 1802 – Victor Hugo born (Les Misérables)


MARCH:

31 March 1855 – Charlotte Bronte dies (Jane Eyre)


APRIL:

1 April 1854 – Charles Dickens’ novel Hard Times begins serialisation in his magazine ‘Household Words’
2 April 1805 – Hans Christian Andersen born (Emperor’s New Clothes, The Ugly Duckling)
2 April 1827 – William Holman Hunt born (painter)
3 April 1783 – Washington Irving born (Sleepy Hollow)
3 April 1897 – Johannes Brahms dies (pianist & composer)
5 April 1867 – Helen Stratton born (British book illustrator)
6 April 1895 – Oscar Wilde arrested (The Importance of Being Earnest)
7 April 1836 – William Godwin dies (The Adventures of Caleb Williams)
8 April 1820 – The Venus de Milo discovered on Aegean island (ancient Greek statue)
9 April 1882 – Dante Gabriel Rossetti dies (Poet and painter)
15 April 1843 – Henry James born (The Portrait of a Lady)
19 April 1824 – Lord Byron dies (Poetry – Don Juan)
19 April 1881 – Benjamin Disraeli dies (UK Prime Minister & novelist)
19 April 1882 – Charles Darwin dies (On the Origin of Species)
20 April 1912 – Bram Stoker dies (Dracula)
21st April 1816 – Charlotte Bronte born (Jane Eyre)
21 April 1910 – Mark Twain dies (The Adventures of Tom Sawyer)
27 April 1882 – Ralph Waldo Emerson dies (Essayist, lecturer & poet)


MAY:

9 May 1814 – Mansfield Park by Jane Austen published
15 May 1886 – Emily Dickinson dies (Poetry)
22 May 1859 – Arthur Conan Doyle born (Sherlock Holmes)
31 May 1819 – Walt Whitman born (Leaves of Grass)


JUNE:

9 June 1870 – Charles Dickens dies (Great Expectations)


JULY:

15 July 1799 – Lieutenant Pierre-François uncovers the Rosetta Stone in Egypt
18 July 1817 – Jane Austen dies (Pride & Prejudice)
21 July 1899 – Ernest Hemingway born (A Farewell to Arms)
28 July 1866 – Beatrix Potter born (Peter Rabbit)
30 July 1818 – Emily Bronte born (Wuthering Heights)


AUGUST:

30 August – Mary Shelley born (England, 1797-1851), writer. Author of Frankenstein & The Last Man. “If I cannot inspire love, I will cause fear!”


SEPTEMBER:

1 September – Edgar Rice Burroughs born (USA, 1875-1950). Creator of Tarzan & the Mars adventurer, JohnCarter. “Am I alive and a reality, or am I but a dream?”

7 September – Dr John Polidori born (England, 1795-1821), writer and physician. Author of The Vampyre. Some credit him as the creator of the vampire genre of fiction. “.. the possession of irresistible powers of seduction, rendered his licentious habits more dangerous to society.”

9 September – Leo Tolstoy born (Russia, 1828-1910). Author of War and Peace, Anna Karenina, The Cossacks, Death of Ivan Ilyich. “If you want to be happy, be.” “In the name of God, stop a moment, cease your work, look around you”.

11 September – D.H. Lawrence born (England, 1885-1930), writer. Author of Sons and Lovers, The Rainbow, Women in Love, Lady Chatterleys Lover. “A small bird will drop frozen dead from a bough without ever having felt sorry for itself”.

18 September – Dr Johnson born (England, 1709-1784), writer. Author of A Dictionary of the English Language. “I hate mankind, for I think myself one of the best of them, and I know how bad I am.”

20 September – Jacob Grimm dies (1863). German philologist, jurist & mythologist. “I am Death and I make all equal.” [fairy tales, Brothers Grimm]

21 September – H.G. Wells born (1866-1946), writer. “Looking at these stars suddenly dwarfed my own troubles and all the gravities of terrestrial life.” [The Time Machine, The Island of Doctor Moreau, The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds Kipps, The History of Mr Polly]

22 September – Michael Faraday born (1791-1867). [Electromagnetism and electrochemistry]

23 September – Wilkie Collins dies, writer (1824-1889). “My hour for tea is half-past five, and my buttered toast waits for nobody.” Purveyor of thumping good reads. [The Woman in White, The Moonstone]

24 September – F. Scott Fitzgerald born, writer (USA, 1896-1940). “Angry, & half in love with her, & tremendously sorry, I turned away.” [Great Gatsby]

25 September – William Faulkner born (USA, 1897-1962) [The Sound and the Fury]

26 September – T. S. Eliot born (UK, 1888-1965) [The Cocktail Party]

27 September – OTD 1822 Jean-Francois Champollion announced he’d deciphered Rosetta Stone. 3 scripts: hieroglyphs, Demotic & Ancient Greek – similar text.

28 September – Herman Melville dies (1819-1891). “I have written a wicked book, and feel spotless as the lamb.” [Moby Dick, Typee, Colorization]

29 September – Elizabeth Gaskell born (1810-1865). “Not good enough! Don’t mock my own deep feeling of unworthiness.” [Mary Barton, Ruth, North and South, Sylvia’s Lovers, Wives and Daughters]


OCTOBER:

7 October 1849 – Edgar Allan Poe born (The Murders in the Rue Morgue)
16 October 1854 – Oscar Wilde born (The Picture of Dorian Gray)
27 October 1914 – Dylan Thomas born (Under Milk Wood)
30 October 1811 – Sense & Sensibility by Jane Austen was published


NOVEMBER:

8 November 1847 – Bram Stoker born (Dracula)
11 November 1821 – Fyodor Dostoyevsky born (Notes from Underground)
13 November 1850 – Robert Louis Stevenson born (Treasure Island)
20 November 1910 – Leo Tolstoy dies (War & Peace)
29 November 1898 – C. S. Lewis born (creator of Narnia)
30 November 1835 – Mark Twain born (The Adventures of Tom Sawyer)
30 November 1900 – Oscar Wilde dies (The Importance of Being Earnest)


DECEMBER:

3 December 1894 – Robert Louis Stevenson born (Strange Case of Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde)
19 December 1848 – Emily Bronte dies (Wuthering Heights)
25 December 1815 – Emma by Jane Austen published
30 December 1865 – Rudyard Kipling born (Jungle Book)


 

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